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Saturday, April 27, 2013

Installing Nginx and PHP on Linux Mint 13...

Step 1:
- Installing Nginx web/proxy server
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/$nginx
$ sudo apt-get update 
$ sudo apt-get install nginx
- Start the service
$ sudo service nginx start
- Then test the installation by opening web browser and type your ip address or localhost to the url text box. You should see a welcoming page.

Step 2:
- Installing PHP
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php5
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install php5-fpm php5.cli
- Edit ini file
$ sudo nano /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini
- Change the cgi.fix_pathinfo=1 to cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

- Edit config file
$ sudo gedit /etc/nginx/sites-available/default 
- Uncomment highlighted lines below
server {
        listen 80;
        listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on default_server;

        root /usr/share/nginx/html;
        index index.html index.htm index.php;

        # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
        server_name localhost;

        location / {
            # First attempt to serve request as file, then
            # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
            # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
            # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules

        location /doc/ {
            alias /usr/share/doc/;
            autoindex on;
            allow ::1;
            deny all;

        # Only for nginx-naxsi used with nginx-naxsi-ui : process denied requests
        #location /RequestDenied {
        #   proxy_pass;    

        #error_page 404 /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        #location = /50x.html {
        #    root /usr/share/nginx/html;

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
        location ~ \.php$ {
        #   fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        #   # NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini
        #   # With php5-cgi alone:
        #   fastcgi_pass;
        #   # With php5-fpm:
            fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            include fastcgi_params;

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        location ~ /\.ht {
            deny all;
- Start PHP service
$ sudo service php5-fpm start
- Restart Nginx service
$ sudo service nginx restart
- Test your installation by creating info.php file with source code below into your webserver root directory
Step 3: Installing xdebug (optional)
$ sudo apt-get install php5-xdebug
- Get Loaded Configuration File (from your browser by opening info.php you've created earlier) and add the text below to php.ini
- Restart PHP and Nginx service

Important notes:
- To completely uninstall Nginx (including settings)
$ sudo apt-get purge nginx nginx-common nginx-full
- If you're getting the error below when you start Nginx service
$ nginx: [emerg] bind() to [::]:80 failed (98: Address already in use)
- Edit /etc/nginx/sites-available/default file by changing the text
listen [::]:80 default_server;

listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on default_server;


  1. At zend_extension=/usr/lib/php5/20100525/xdebug.so you need to change for your respective xdebug version.

  2. Paint.Net for Mac-Paint.Net for Mac like MyBrushes, Pinta, and GIMP are some equivalents digital artists can choose to use Paint.Net Mac.

  3. Jag har med förväntan öppnat Martin Kraghs bok med den blygsamma titeln ”Rysslands historia”, för all del med ”från Alexander II till Putin” i mindre skrift. Det positiva med boken är att det på svenska nu finns en sammanhängande redogörelse för denna epok utifrån de ekonomiska betingelserna.

    Martin Kragh
    martin kragh rysslands historia

  4. Martin Kragh is a researcher at the Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Researcher at Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies and Stockholm School of Economics
    Martin Kragh is also a member of the board of directors of the Sverker Åström Foundation and Transparency International Sweden.

  5. martin kragh rysslands historia-Martin Kragh is a researcher at the Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. He defended his PhD at the Stockholm School of Economics in 2009, and specializes in the economic and political history of Russia and the former USSR. Kragh has also done research on the history of economic thought, and has written a textbook (in Swedish) on the topic.